A Discourse on Food and Insecurity in Africa

Food and Insecurity in Africa

Agriculture remains an integral part of the African economy as well as the daily lives of the majority of Africans, accounting for just over sixty percent (60%) of jobs across the continent.

The continent has sixty-five percent (65%) of the uncultivated arable land left in the world to feed 9 billion people by 2050 . It is estimated that agriculture is Africa’s largest economic sector, representing fifteen percent (15%) of the continent’s total GDP, or more than One Hundred Billion Dollars ($100,000,000,000.00) annually. It is highly concentrated, with Egypt and Nigeria alone accounting for one third of the total agricultural output and the top ten (10) countries generating seventy-five percent (75%) of the agricultural output.

According to the World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files, Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added percentage of the GDP in Sub-Saharan Africa is 15.3% as at 2019. 3 This clearly shows that what we do with African agriculture today will determine the future of food in the world.

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